the food chart

Health Nutrition

Fruits

Vegetables and Pulses

Nuts and Seeds

Meat and Poultry

Fish and Seafood

Food For Health

Food For Weight Control

Food As Medicine

Food Tips

Food Charts


Iron

Iron is important because:

  • Iron is used to make an important carrier, haemoglobim, that carries oxygen from lang to all the cells of the body.
  • Iron increase the resistance to infection
  • Iron helps the healing process

A lack of Iron can lead to:

  • anaemia

The absorption of iron is affected by the following factors:

  • Intake of phytates, exalates or tannins (from tea and coffee)
  • intake of calcium
  • tannin in tea and coffee

Foods that are rich in vitamin C can help the absorption of iron. So if possible iron-rich food should be taken with vitamin C rich food. Women need to make sure their diet is high enough in iron because iron is lost in the blood through menstruation.

Excess of Iron can cause stomach upsets, constipation and kidney damage.


Good Sources of Iron

Food / 100g Amount (mg)
Curry powder 58.3
Ground ginger 46.3
Lentils 11.1
Sesame seeds 10.4
Soya beans 9.7
Chicken liver 9.2
Red kidney beans 6.4
Lean beef 2.1
Eggs 1.9
Lean lamb 1.6
Grilled Lean Bacon 1.6
Baked beans in tomato sauce 1.4
Lightly boiled broccoli 1.0

m = 0.001


Recommended Intakes for Adults::

UK Reference Nutrient Intakes (RNI) - 14.8mg (female), 8.7mg (male)

USA Recommended Daily Amount (RDA) - 18mg (female), 8mg (male)